Kenaf Farming in Nigeria: The Ultimate Guide on How to Grow Kenaf
Kenaf farming is the cultivation of kenaf crop from the stage of seeding to the final stage of harvesting and processing the kenaf seeds and fibres to other products.
Kenaf farming has been described as one of the most lucrative farming ventures in Nigeria, however, only a few people know how profitable the cultivation of kenaf can be.
It is not uncommon to see farmers who planted 2kg of kenaf seeds and harvested 65kg of kenaf seeds. The price of kenaf seed per kg is N2500. In this case, if you invest N5,000, you may likely get a sales revenue of N162,500.
What is Kenaf?
Kenaf known as Hibiscus Cannabinus, it is a highly yielding fibre crop which is used for the production of a variety of products.
Kenaf is known for its fast growing characteristics. It is of the hibiscus family. Kenaf is similar to Jute; they share almost the same characteristics.
Kenaf is usually grown in tropical areas. Kenaf can be grown in almost all the states of Nigeria.
Characteristics of Kenaf
The following are the characteristics of kenaf as a crop:
Kenaf is an annual herbaceous crop and can grow up to 3.5 metres in height.
The seeds can be ready to harvest after 3-5 months.
Kenaf produces fibres which can be used to produce a lot of products.
The leaves of kenaf are about 12cm long.
The Uses of Kenaf
The following are the uses of kenaf:
Kenaf fibre can be used for the production of ropes and bags. In Nigeria, kenaf fibre is not being used for the production of sacks for the storage of grains and other food items.
Kenaf fbre can also be used for the production of wood.
Kenaf fibre can be used for the production of pepper.
Kenaf fibre can be used for the production of clothing material.
Kenaf fibre can be used for the production of growing media and bedding materials for animals.
Kenaf seed oil can be used for the production of resin, lubricants and biofuel.
Kenaf fibre can be used for the manufacturing of some automotive parts.
How to start kenaf farming in Nigeria
To be successful in kenaf farming, the following steps have to be taken:
Get a farmland in a suitable location
Kenaf can grow in almost all states in Nigeria. Nigeria is in the tropical belt which supports the cultivation of kenaf crop.
It is advisable that you get a farmland in a location that is easily accessible so that you can evacuate your produce without any problems. All the states in the northern part of Nigeria and most states in the southern part of Nigeria are suitable for the growing of kenaf.