How many tons of sesame per hectare?
A hectare of sesame farmland can produce about 1 – 1.5 tons of sesame tubers if good agronomic practices are implemented. If drip irrigation is used, a one hectare beniseed farmland can yield 2 tons.
The tons of sesame a one hectare farmland can produce depend on a lot of factors. A one hectare of farmland of sesame in one location can produce as low as 0.5 tons while another he tare of sesame may produce over 1.5 tons.
In Nigeria, the ton of sesame produced by a hectare of farmland is generally low because of a lot of factors. However, I have seen a number of farmers getting above 1 ton of sesame from a hectare of farmland.
Factors determining the tons of sesame a 1 hectare farmland can produce
The following are the factors that determine the tons of sesame a one hectare farmland can produce:
The level of fertility of your soil can impact tons of sesame you will harvest. A soil that is rich in nutrients and very healthy can produce more than 1.5 tons of sesame per hectare.
A poor soil can produce as low as 0.4 tons of sesame per hectare. You should do a soil test before you start your sesame farming venture. If your soil test result shows that your soil is poor, you need to correct the deficiencies before planting.
Sesame Variety Planted
The type of sesame variety planted can also impact the yield from your sesame farm. Some sesame varieties produce better yield than others.
Hybrid sesame varieties often have higher yields than open pollinated sesame varieties. However, hybrid sesame varieties require more inputs like fertilizers, water and chemicals. If you use hybrid sesame varieties and you do not have enough inputs, you may record a very low yield.
Availability of Water
Water is important in sesame farming. Without water, you may get a low yield from your sesame farm. If you are planting in the dry season, the use of irrigation is advised. Drip irrigation can be used for the growing of sesame.
Farmers who grow sesame in the rainy season will get more tons of sesame than farmers who plant in the dry season without the use of irrigation.
Pests and Diseases
If your sesame farm is heavily infested with pests and diseases, you may get a low yield.
Pests and diseases can reduce your sesame yield to zero. Pesticides should be used to prevent and control pests and diseases.
Sesame farms do not perform very well when infested with a lot of weeds. Weeds share nutrients and water with the main crop. They also harbor pests.
If not controlled, weeds can significantly reduce the yield of sesame plants and indeed any crop at all.
Poor Agronomic Practices
Poor agronomic practices can lead to a low yield in your sesame farm. Cultural practices in farming should be judiciously implemented.
Expertise and Capital
Farmers who have little or no expertise in farming often record poor yield. Sesame farming involves some expertise. You need to have the skills it takes to be a successful sesame farmer, without this, you may record a low yield.
Capital is also very important. Without adequate capital, you may not have enough money to buy fertilizers, good sesame cultivar, chemicals and other inputs needed for your farm. This can negatively impact the yield of your sesame farm.
Seame farming also called beniseed farming is the cultivation of beniseed crop from the initial step of land preparation to the final steps of harvesting the beniseed crop, storage and marketing. Beniseed farming involves all the steps needed for a farmer to sow the seeds of beniseed in the soil till the last step of harvesting the crop.
Beniseed is more profitable with limited resources or inputs than other crops using the same resources.
Beniseed also called sesame is a drought resistant crop. This crop can thrive in the dry savannah region of Nigeria. Beniseed is also hardy, it can tolerate a lot of insect attacks unlike other crops.
Sesame can suppress root-knot nematode and cotton root rot. Beniseed can also help to reduce soil water retention and increase the yield of the following crops.
How many tons of sesame do you harvest from your sesame farm? Kindly share the answer in the comments’ section.