Best Fertilizer for Tomato Farming in Nigeria
The best fertilizer for tomato farming in Nigeria is the fertilizer with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and all the micronutrients.
Some of the best fertilizers for tomato farming in Nigeria are NPK fertilizers, potassium nitrate fertilizer, calcium nitrate fertilizers, chelates and urea etc.
Fertilizers are known to help to increase the yield of the tomato crop and all other crops. Tomato is a nutrient hungry crop, without the use of fertilizers, you are likely to record a poor yield in your tomato farm.
This post highlights and explains the best fertilizers for tomato farming in Nigeria.
The Best Fertilizer for Tomato Farming in Nigeria
The following are the best fertilizers for tomato farming in Nigeria:
- NPK Fertilizers
- Potassium Nitrate
- Calcium Nitrate
- Diammonium Phosphate
- Single Super Phosphate Fertilizer
NPK Fertilizer is a type of fertilizer that contains Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium. This type of fertilizer is very good for the cultivation of tomato.
NPK 15:15:15 which has 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus and 15% potassium is particularly useful for the growing of tomato in Nigeria. This is due to the fact that it is a balanced type of fertilizer. It supplies all the needed macro nutrients in equal proportion.
NPK 20:10:10 which has 20% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 10% potassium is useful during the vegetative stage of tomato plants. The higher nitrogen content can increase the leaf size of tomato plants. Larger leaves improve the photosynthetic ability of the tomato plants.
NPK 12:12:17 fertilizer which has 12% nitrogen, 12% phosphorus and 17% potassium is also a type of NPK fertilizer that can be used for tomato farming in Nigeria if other types of NPK fertilisers are not available.
Potassium nitrate (KNO₃) is a soluble fertilizer that has potassium and nitrogen (nitrate form) as its constituents. Potassium as a nutrient helps in the flowering and fruiting stage of tomato plants.
Potassium nitrate can improve the stress tolerance of tomato plants. It can significantly increase the yield of tomato plants.
Potassium nitrate has 13% content of nitrogen and 44- 46% content of potassium.
Calcium Nitrate Fertilizer
Calcium nitrate is a soluble fertilizer that has calcium and nitrogen (nitrate form) as its constituents.
Calcium is known as the trucker of all nutrients. Without calcium in plants, the other nutrients needed by the plant cannot be efficiently transported to all the tissues and cells of the plants.
Calcium nitrate improves the vigor of the tomato plants and can improve the ability of the tomato plants to tolerate and resist pests and diseases.
Urea fertilizer is one of the best fertilizers for tomato farming in Nigeria.
Nitrogen is the main component of urea fertilizer. The nitrogen content of most urea fertilizers is 46%.
Urea fertilizer is mainly used during the vegetative stage of the tomato plants. It helps in increasing the mass and size of the tomato leaves. Bigger leaves capture more sunlight and this enhances the process of photosynthesis.
Urea fertilizer is soluble and can be passed through the drip irrigation system.
Diammonium Phosphate Fertilizer (DAP)
Diammonium Phosphate (DAP) is a type of fertilizer used for basal application in tomato farming. Diammonium phosphate fertilizer contains nitrogen in ammonium form and phosphorus.
The total nitrogen content of Diammonium Phosphate fertilizer is 18%. DAP fertilizer has 15.5% ammonical nitrogen, 2.5% total nitrogen as urea and 46% phosphorus.
Diammonium Phosphate fertilizer can be applied to tomato plants through the drip irrigation system as it is soluble.
Single Super Phosphate Fertilizer (SSP)
SSP is one of the commonest types of phosphatic fertilizers in Nigeria. It is rarely used for tomato farming. It can be used to supply phosphorus and calcium to tomato plants when other fertilizers are not available.
If your soil lacks phosphorus, you can use single super phosphate fertilizer to improve the phosphorus level in your soil.
The phosphorus content in single super phosphate fertilizer is usually 7 – 9%. It has a calcium content of 18 – 21% and a sulfur content of 11 – 12%.
Humic acid, fluvic acid and potassium humate are also some of the best fertilizers you can use for tomato farming in Nigeria.
Humates can improve the efficiency of other fertilizers applied to your crop.
Other fertilizers that can be used for tomato farming are:
- Mono-Ammonium Phosphate
- Mono Potassium Phosphate
- CAN fertilizer
- Lime or dolomite etc
Do you have an opinion on the best fertilizer for tomato farming in Nigeria? If yes, why not let us continue the conversation in the comments’ section.